CONJUGATION OF VERB

CONJUGATION OF VERB
 
 
 
There are two  kinds of  verbs
 
1. Strong and  2.weak.
 
Verb এর CONJUGATION অর্থাৎ VERB এর রূপগত পরিবর্তন দুই ভাবে হয়
 
1. The forms of the past tense and past participle of the strong verbs are done by changing the inside of the present, (strong verb এর past  tense past participle কেবল ভিতরের vowel পরিবর্তন করে হয়
যেমন–  bear -bore- born
 
2. The forms of past tense and past participle of the weak verbs are done by adding -d,-t.or-ed to the present,(weak verb এর present form এর সঙ্গে -d,-t, বা-ed যোগ করে past past participle হয়)
 
যেমন–   love loved loved
 
Weak verb or regular verb: Verbs that form their past tense by adding -ed,-d or -t to the present ,with or without any inside vowel change are called Weak verbs.
 
Strong verbor irregular verb: Verbs that form their past tense by merely changing the vowel in the body of the present, without adding an ending are called strong verbs.
 
Weak verbs or regular verbs
 
 
 

PRESENT FORM

PAST FORM

PAST PARTICIPLE FORM

Add
added
Added
Allow
allowed
Allowed
Appeared
appeared
Appeared
Enjoy
enjoyed
Enjoyed
play
played
Played
Help
helped
Helped
jump
jumped
Jumped
Kill
killed
Killed
lough
loughed
loughed
Load
loaded
Loaded
lock
locked
Locked
look
looked
Looked
mend
mended
Mended
need
needed
Needed
obey
obayed
Obayed
ask
asked
Asked
boil
boiled
Boiled
borrow
borrowed
Borrowed
cheer
cheered
Cheered
clean
cleaned
Cleaned
Fail
failed
Failed
fill
filled
Filled
fix
fixed
Fixed
Flow
flowed
Flowed
hang
hanged
Hanged
help
helped
Helped
own
owned
Owned
reach
reached
Reached
rain
rained
Rained
pass
passed
Passed
Punish
punished
Punished
paint
painted
Painted
push
pushed
Pushed
pull
pulled
Pulled
Dream
dreamed/dreamt
dreamed/dreamt
Discuss
discussed
Discussed
delay
delayed
Delayed
Climb
climbed
Climbed
end
ended
Ended
Rear
reared
Reared
sew
sewed
Sewed
sow
sowed
Sowed
stay
stayed
Stayed
stroke
stroked
Stroked
thank
thanked
Thanked
wait
waited
Waited
Wash
washed
Washed
wish 
wished
Wished
Work
worked
Worked
walk
walked
walked
 
মূল verbএর শেষে e থাকলে শুধু -d যোগ হয়
PRESENT
PAST
PAST PARTICIPLE
Achieve
achieved
achieved
amuse
amused
amused
argue
argued
Argued
agree
agreed
Agreed
arrange
arranged
Arranged
advise
advised
Advised
loose
loosed
Loosed
lie
lied
Lied
live
lived
Lived
care
cared
Cared
change
changed
Changed
 
 
 
 
এইরকম আরো রেগুলার ভার্ব যেগুলির সঙ্গে-d যোগ করে past past participle পাওয়া যায়
PRESENT
PAST
PAST PARTICIPLE
Charge
Charged
Charged
Close
Closed
Closed
Compare
Compared
Compared
Complete
Completed
Completed
Dare
Dared
Dared
Dance
Danced
Danced
Die
Died
Died
Divide
Divided
Divided
Gaze
Gazed
Gazed
Hate
Hated
Hated
Hope
Hoped
Hoped
Love
Loved
Loved
Move
Moved
Moved
Place
Placed
Placed
Arrive
Arrived
Arrived
Arrange
Arranged
Arranged
Bathe
Bathed
Bathed
Behave
Behaved
Behaved
Believe
Believed
Believed
Blame
Blamed
Blamed
Bake
Baked
Baked
 
Note:verb এর ভেতরের বানান পরিবর্তন করে অথবা না করে এবং -d বসিয়ে
PRESENT
PAST
PAST PARTICIPLE
Flee
Fled
Fled
Have
Had
Had
Hear
Heard
Heard
Sell
Sold
Sold
Tell
Told
Told
 
Verb এর শেষে একটি consonant এবং তার পূর্বে একটি bhavelথাকলে consonant doubleকরে-ed যোগ হয়
PRESENT
PAST
PAST PARTICIPLE
Beg
begged
begged
cancel
cancelled
cancelled
drop
dropped
Dropped
Hop
Hopped
Hopped
Emit
Emitted
Emitted
Nod
Nodded
Nodded
Pat
Patted
Patted
Plan
Planned
Planned
Refer
Referred
Referred
Rub
Rubbed
Rubbed
Stop
Stopped
Stopped
Travel
Travelled
Travelled
Quarrel
Quarreled
Quarreled
 
Verb এর শেষে y থাকলে y=i ed/d যোগ হয়
PRESENT
PAST
PAST PARTICIPLE
Bury
Buried
Buried
Carry
Carried
Carried
Cry
Cried
Cried
Dry
Dried
Dried
Fry
Fried
Fried
Try
Tried
Tried
Hurry
Hurried
Hurried
Marry
Married
Married
Lay
Laid
Laid
Pay
Paid
Paid
Say
Said
Said
 
Verb এর কিছু পরিবর্তন করে অথবা না করে এবং শেষে t বসিয়ে past past participle হয়
PRESENT
PAST
PAST PARTICIPLE
Bend
Bent
Bent
Build
Built
Built
Burn
Burnt
Burnt
Buy
Bought
Bought
Catch
Caught
Caught
Fight
Fought
Fought
Deal
Dealt
Dealt
Feel
Felt
Felt
Keep
Kept
Kept
Kneel
Knelt
Knelt
Learn
Learnt
Learnt
Leave
Left
Left
Lend
Lent
Lent
Lose
Lost
Lost
Mean
Meant
Meant
Seek
Sought
Sought
Send
Sent
Sent
Sleep
Slept
Slept
Smell
Smelt
Smelt
Spell
Spelt
Spelt
Spend
Spent
Spent
Sweep
Swept
Swept
Teach
Taught
Taught
Think
Thought
Thought
Weep
Wept
Wept
 
 
 
STRONG VERBS OR IRREGULAR VERBS
( ভেতরের vowel পরিবর্তন করে)
 

PRESENT

PAST

PAST PARTICIPLE

Abide

Abode

Abode

Awake                                 

awoke 

awaken

freeze    

froze                           

frozen

Get

got

Got/gotten

Grow

grew

grown

Bear

bore

borne

Hold

held

held

Bear

bore

born 

Make

made

made

Mistake

mistook

mistaken

Ride

rode

ridden  

Rise

rose

risen

Begin

began

begun  

Sit

sat

sat

Sink

sank

sunk

Sprink

sprang

sprung 

Spin

spun

spun

Speak

spoke

spoken

Shake

shook

shaken

Shoot

shot

shot

Slay

slew

slain 

Stand

stood

stood

Steal

stole

stolen

Strike

struck

Struck

Strive

strove

striven 

Swim

swam

swum

Take

took

taken

Throw

threw

thrown

Tread

trod

trodden  

Wear

wore

worn

Weave

wove

woven 

Write

wrote

written

Withhold

withheld

withheld 

Chide

chid

chidden 

Cling

clung

clung

Welcome

welcomed

welcomed  

Dig

dug

dug

Draw

drew

drown  

Drive

drove

driven  

Fall

fell

fallen 

Fight

fought

fought

Fly

flew

flown  

Forgive

forgave

forgiven 

Arise

Arose

arisen 

Give

Gave

given

Be(am/is/are)

Was/were

been

Go

Went

Gone

hang

hung

Hung

hide

hid

hid/hidden

know

knew

known

lie

lay

lain 

meet

met

Met

Become

became

Become

ring

rang

rung 

run

run

Run

see

saw

seen 

sing

sang

sung 

shrink

shrank

Shrunk

Behold

beheld

Beheld

spit

spat

Spat

Beat

beat

beaten  

shine

shone

Shone

Bid

bade

bidden  

smite

smote

Smitten

Bite

bit

Bitten

stick

stuck

Stuck

Bind

bound

Bound

swear

swore

Sworn

Bleed

bled

Bled

tear

tore

Torn

Breed

bred

Bred

wake

woke

waken 

Blow

blew

blown  

win

won

Won

Break

broke

broken 

withdraw

withdrew

withdrawn

Choose

chose

chosen 

Come

came

Come

Creep

crept

crept    

do

did

Done

drink

drank

drunk  

eat

eat

Eaten

feed

fed 

fed  

find

found

Found

forbid

forbade

forbidden 

forget

forgot

forgotten  

 
 
কোন পরিবর্তন না করে

PRESENT

PAST

PAST PARTICIPLE

Bet

Bet

Bet

burst

burst

burst

Cost

Cost

Cost

hit

hit

hit

let

let

let

Quit

Quit

Quit

set

set

set

spread

spread

spread

broadcast

broadcast

broadcast

bid

bid

Bid

cast

cast

Cast

cut

cut

Cut

hurt

hurt

Hurt

put

put

Put

raed

raed

Raed

shut

shut

Shut

Thrust

Thrust

Thrust

telecast

telecast

Telecast

 
 
 
Verb that are often confused

PRESENT

PAST

PAST PARTICIPLE

Beat

beat

beaten

bear

bore

borne

Complete

completed

completed

feel

felt

felt

Fail

failed

failed

live

lived

lived

Lie(মিথ্যা বলা)

lied

lied

loose

lose

losen

Raise

raised

raised

sew

sewed

sewed

bite

bit

bitten/bit

compete

competed

Competed

fall

fell

Fallen

fill

filled

Filled

leave

left

left

lie(শুয়ে থাকা)

lay

Lain

lay

laid

Laid

lose

lost

Lost

rise

rose

risen

Sow

sowed

sowed/sown

 
 

 

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