THE NOUN- GENDER

THE NOUN- GENDER
 
WRITING SKILL //  PARAGRAPH WRITING  //    PROCESSING  //  PRECIS WRIING

 

 

GENDER//MASCULINE GENDER//FEMININE GENDER//COMMON GENDER//NEUTER GENDER

Gender লিঙ্গ

English Grammar Classifies nouns & pronouns under four Gender.(ইংরেজি ব্যকারনে nouns & pronouns কে চারটি Gender(লিঙ্গ) এ ভাগ করা হয়েছে । 
 

Kind of Gender

Kind
Definition
Example
MASCULINE GENDER পুংলিঙ্গ
A noun denotes a male(noun পুংবাচক হলে masculine gender হয়।)
Boy,son,brother,father,uncle
FEMININE GENDER স্ত্রীলিঙ্গ
A noun denotes a female(noun স্ত্রীবাচক হলে Feminine gender হয়।)
Girl,sister,daughter,mother,aunt
COMMON GENDER ক্লীবলিঙ্গ
A noun denotes a either a male or a female. (noun পুংবাচক বা  স্ত্রীবাচক উভয় বোঝালে Common gender হয়।)
Child,student,friend
NEUTER GENDER উভয়লিঙ্গ
A noun denotes a things without life (Noun যদি প্রাণহীন (জড়) পদার্থ কে বোঝায় তাহলে   Neuter Gender হয়।)
Chair,table,book,pencil etc
 
RULES FOR CHANGING GENDER
A.  By using different word.
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
Boy
Girl
Brother
Sister
Husband
Wife
Father
Mother
Cock
Hen
Fox
Vixen
Boar
sow
Bachelor
maiden,spinster
Dog
Bitch
Drake
duck
Drone
bee
Gentleman
Lady Gentleman
Gander
bee
Earl
Countless
Hart
rose
Horse
mare
King
queen
Lad
Lass
Lord
Lady
Male
Female
Monk,Friar
Nun
Nephew
Niece
Pappa
mamma
Ram
Ewe
Sir
Madam
Sire(a beast)
dam
Son
Doughter
Tailto
Seamstress
Uncle
Aunt
Wizerd
Witch
stag
hind
 
 
 
B .By adding-ess
a) without any change in the form of the masculine:
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
Author
Authoress
Baron
baroness
Count
countess
Giant
Giantess
Heir
heiress
Host
hostess
Jew
jewess
Lion
Lioness
Manager
manageress
Mayor
Mayoress
Patron
patroness
Peer
peeress
Priest
priestess
Prophet
prophetess
Shepherd
Shepherdess
Steward
Stewardess
Viscount
Viscountess
Host
Hostess
 
b) by omitting the bhavel of the last syllable of the masculine
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
Actor
actress
Benefactor
benefactress
Enchanter
enchantress
Hunter
huntress
Negro
negress
Songster
songstress
Tempter
temptress
Tiger
tigress
Traitor
traitoess
 
 
c) In a a less regular way:
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
Abbot
abbess
Duke
duchess
Emperor
empress
Governor
governess
Master
mistress
Murderer
murderess
C.   By adding a Feminine word:
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
Bull-calf
cow- calf
foster-father
foster-mother
Grandfather
grandmother
Great-uncle
great-aunt
He -goat
she- goat
Landlord
Landlady
Man -servant
maid-servant
Milkman.
Milkmaid
Peacock
peahen
School master
school mistress
Washerman
Washerwoman
 
 

Nouns of common gender:
Common
Masculine
Feminine
Calf
Bullock
heifer
Child
Son/boy
daughter/girl
Deer
hart/stag
roe/hind
Fowl
cock
hen
Horse
stallion
Mare
Monarch/sovereign
king/emperor
queen/empress
Parent
father
mother
Person
man
woman
Pig
boar
sow
Servant
manservant
maidservent
Sheep
ram
ewe
Spouse
husband
wife
Sometimes feminine are made by adding a, ine,ix etc.
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
Sultan
sultana
Administrator
administratrix
Hero
heroine
Executor
executrix
Czar
czarina
Prosecutor
prosecutrix
Testator
testatrix
 
 
 
 
Note: Object without life are often personified and then they are regarded as males or females.( জড় পদার্থের উপর কখনও কখনও ব্যক্তি স্বভাব  আরপিত হয়, তখন সেগুলি পুং বাচক বা স্ত্রী বাচক হয়।)
i)The Masculine Gender is often applied to subject remarkable for strength or power.(উল্লেখযোগ্য শক্তি বা ক্ষমতার অধিকারী বিষয়গুলি Masculine Gender হয়।)
Example: The Sun, Summer,Winter, Death,Time etc.
ii)The Feminine Gender is often applied to Objects remarkable for beauty & gracefulness.(     
সৌন্দর্য ও মাধুর্য প্রকাশক বিষয়গুলি  Feminine Gender হয়।)
Example: The Earth ,Nature,Spring,The Moon, Autumn,etc
iii)A ship is always spoken of as Feminine Gender.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

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