WRITE AN ESSAY ABOUT -YOUR IDEA OF A WELFARE STATE

YOUR IDEA OF A WELFARE STATE

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YOUR IDEA OF A WELFARE STATE

AND INDIA AS A WELFARE STATE

Or,

FUTURE OF DEMOCRACY IN INDIA

There are different theories about the origin of State. Whatever its origin may be, the main function of State is to maintain law and order and ensure liberty to all. The state has also to protect the country against foreign aggression. Another function of the State is to collect taxes from the people and to spend that money for purposes of administration. But this simple idea of a State has now undergone a change. Now it is thought that a State should undertake the commitments for the all-round development and well-being of the people. Thus the idea of a welfare State has evolved. It is wrong to say tha: this idea is a modern one. In earlier ages, the state functioned to improve the conditions of the people. As for example, Ashoka ruled for the promotion of general welfare of the people. Of course, the expression’welfare State’ has gained currency in recent times. The subject of a welfare state is that the state should shoulder the responsibility for the welfare of its people in all spheres of life. A welfare state ensures freedom, food and education to every member. It strives to secure for its members the maximum amount of economic and social amenities. It must provide employment to all. It must strive to remove poverty, disease and other ills of life. It should offer facilities for the education of the people. It should see that the growth of agriculture, industry trade and commerce is promoted so that the economic standard of the community is raised. It must also ensure equality of opportunities to all. The rich should not exploit the poor. The welfare state also looks after the cultural and educational interests of the community. The spread of education and the promotion of the quality of education and culture are its important functions. In matters of sanitation, public health, communications and transport, a welfare state has a lot to do to provide comforts and facilities to the people. The state is socialistic. The modern welfare state has become a totalitarian state. It takes the responsibility for the well-being of the people. The state owns the means of production and conducts the distribution of the products. Poweris in the hands of the rulers. The socialistic idea of the state gives rise to the dictatorship of a party of rules. A welfare state is the professed ideal of free India. The directive principles of our constitution have laid down this as the goal of our aspirations. Five Year Plans are chalked out for the economic and social growth. But India is committed to democratic ideals. It seeks to unite socialistic economy with democratic ideals of government. Such combination has its stress and strains. But India is progressing economically and culturally with her professed ideal of socialism and democracy. However, democracy is in peril in India. The success of democracy presupposes universal education and vigilance of the people. But universal education is still a far cry. The illiteracy rate is still high, and ignorance and superstitions and poverty still prevail in our country. Culture is an essential part of democracy. But there is gradual erosion of culture and growing corruption and incompetence. Economic disparity due to uneven growth of economy has accentuated the process of corruption and disorder. There is a general loss of value everywhere. Socialism which puts premium on public sector economy has proved unsuccessful and capitalist economy is gaining ground in response to the global economic system. It is doubtful how far the new economic system will conduce to the welfare of the people. Democratic ideals can be fostered and developed if certain basic values are observed. India is today troubled by separatist tendencies, parochialism, party strifes and caste prejudices. the growth of regional parties, economic imbalances, and cultural disparities endanger the democracy of India. Villages are to be developed, and poverty and illiteracy have to be eradicated for making democracy safe for India.

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