Growth of population in the world at present has posed a great

problem. It has world-wide reaction. It is feared that if the present growth

rate continues, it will destroy the foundation of socio-economic structure

and will endanger the civilisation.

In 1650, there were estimated 500 million people. The world

population increased to 1000 million by 1850, 2000 million by 1910 and

4000 million by 1996. Thus the present growth rate is alarming and there

is apprehension that the world will be overpopulated in a few decades.

The growth of population in the modern age is explained in various

ways. The improvement of medical science has increased the longevity

of people and has reduced the mortality rate. Child mortality is now in

the decline. In the developing and under developed countries growth

rate of population still continues. Some of the European countries have

controlled birth rate. Out of 5.2 million babies born in every second 4.25

million are born in the developing and developed countries.

Population explosion is thus disturbing. It leads to the problem of

food supply and human habitation. It becomes difficult to feed so many

mouths with the available supply of food. Agricultural land, forests are

occupied for construction of houses and new townships. Moreover,

unemployment problem, energy crisis and educational problem will

become acute. According to a U.N. report, 65 new cities with population

over 5 million will come up by the end of this century. The planet will be

crowded with people with the resulting noise, pollution and scrambling

for space. There will be no open space to move about.

Sociologists and statesmen have been exercising the minds over the

problem. Family planning is now an official programme in all countries

including conservative. Muslim countries like U. A. R. Jordan, Iraq and

Syria. China has reduced the birth rate from 5% to 1.5% with serious

and earnest implementation of the family planning programme. India

has stepped up the campaign in rural areas through health clinics and

by persuading the uneducated rural people to accept family planning.

But the majority of people are still uneducated and superstitious.

However, by intense campaigning through T. V., Radio and Newspapers

and through suitable inducements offered to the people, family planning

programme has yielded some results. According to the latest census, the

annual growth rate in India is around 2.5%.

Population explosion has to be checked if the world is tobe saved

from a serious crisis of economic collapse. The government should

intensify the programme of family planning by removing poverty and

ignorance of the people. The low standard of living and ignorance and

superstitions among people largely account for the continuing growth

rate in India. Mexico, Portugal, China, Equador and Yugoslavia have

already included family planning as a basic human right in their

constitutions. Japan has reduced the birth rate from 2.5% in 1945 to 1.4%

in 1976. Through publicity and encouragement from governments,

people have become conscious of the danger. In India, the growth rate is

still the highest. Mass education and concerted action plan can among

meet the challenging crisis. It is true that U.N.O. as a world organisation

should take a leading role in checking the growth of population in the

developing and underdeveloped countries. It is not the crisis of one

country or the other : It is the crisis of the whole world.

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