Science has contributed a great deal to the civilization of mankind. Science has increased our knowledge of Nature and Universe. Through science, technological progress has taken place and man has made his environment not only hospitable but immensely developed and expanded. Science has given material amenities for which our life has become highly sophisticated and advanced. Means of communication have developed and as a result the world has come close to us. The latest scientific developments in computer science, electronics and Internets have expanded the scope of producing consumer goods, capital goods, and of easy calculations and communications and have thus contributed to the growth of industries and agriculture for the welfare of man. Science grows and develops, and thus man’s intellectual inquiry is restless. It is harnessed to the generation of new power and energy and to the launching of new satellites for the conquest of the sky. Man has acquired mastery undreamed of even a few years back. The development of medical science has increased the longevity and reduced mortality rates and has given new energy and strength to men, mitigates acute pains in deadly diseases. Thus science is integral to human civilization. Still, it is said that science is inimical to civilization. Technological advance has contributed to the industrial and utilitarian culture which has taken away the spontaneous impulse and generous feelings of men. Men are selfishly pursuing material goods, are concentrated on facts, rather than on fancy. They are reduced to depersonalized units doing their jobs with mechanical efficiency, Accepted values of life are eroded- love, sympathy and fellow-feeling have been lost. Corruptions in every field of activity have increased vitiating not only Nature’s ecology but also human ecology. Science has given speed but has taken away impulses; it has effected quantitative progress, but affected qualitative standard. Man has descended to the sub-human. Scientists create war weapons; businessmen and politicians use them for destructive purposes. Atoms which can be used for peaceful purposes are employed to evolve destructive weapons for the annihilation of mankind. Hiroshima shows the extent of damage in terms of quantity and quality done to the material and spiritual life of men. It has wrought havoc on human psychology. War phobia had gripped the minds of politicians and fear psychosis had haunted the minds of men. Stock-piling of weapons and huge expenditure on defense show how nations are occupied with war preparations and take pride in their advanced missiles. The development plans are neglected ; hunger for food is increasing; the population of the and the illiterate in the world is multiplying. Irresponsible use of poor money and power generated by the progress of science and technology had landed mankind in the morass of moral and material depravity. The fruits of technological development are enjoyed by the select rich people. The problem of poverty and illiteracy still prevails ; it is being intensified day by day for man’s inhumanity to men. However, science is not responsible for what is happening to day. It is the irresponsible use of science by man that accounts for the sorry state of things. Scientists are in restless pursuit of knowledge. New territories of knowledge are being annexed ; new areas are explored man’s intellectual horizon has expanded. The enrichment of human mind is the measure of civilization. Science by itself has conduced to the development of culture. But man by his stupidity and meanness has made science the hand maid of his selfish pursuits and corrupt activities. Science cannot be held responsible for man’s corruptions and dishonesty. Consumer goods are being produced for the amenities of human beings, but human beings are competing with one another to get them as much as they can by depriving others and by neglecting the finer qualities of his heart. If there is erosion of values now, it is due to man’s selfishness and dishonesty. Science has contributed to the material and intellectual progress. Moral degradation of man is due to the wrong use of science and technology.